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St Andrew's College Dublin St Andrew's College Dublin

Group 3




This course is based on instilling an understanding of history through analysis, contextualisation and investigation. The selection of the twentieth century as the core course meets the increasing interest of the students in the contemporary world. At the same time, it is a sound foundation for training students to understand the nature of historical evidence, to develop the capacity to evaluate evidence and to readjust historical views in light of that evidence. Finally, it aims to promote

  • the acquisition and understanding of historical knowledge in breadth and depth, and across different cultures
  • a lasting interest in history.


The core content for both HL/SL students covers twentieth century world history topics, including:

  • The History of Tsarist Russia 1855 – 1917.
  • Causes, consequences and technology of War – detailed study of the Russian, Spanish and Chinese civil wars.
  • European imperialism and World War I
  • World War II.
  • Rise and rule of Mao Tse-Tung 1921-1976.
  • The rise and rule of Lenin, Stalin, Hitler and Mussolini.
  • A detailed study of The Interwar period.
  • A detailed study of Japanese expansion in Asia 1931-41.
  • A detailed study of German expansion 1933-40.


Higher Level


School-based assessment                                                                            20%


Written examinations                                                                                    80%

Standard Level


School-based assessment                                                                            25%​​​​​​​


Written examinations                                                                                    75%


An ability to write analytically and evaluate evidence critically is essential to success in this course. A high level of English and an ability to work with primary sources is of utmost importance.





The aims of this course are to help students

  • develop an understanding of the dynamic interrelationships between people, places, spaces and the environment at different scales.
  • develop a critical awareness and consider complexity thinking in the context of the nexus of geographic issues, including:
  • acquiring an in-depth understanding of how geographic issues or wicked problems have been shaped by powerful human and physical processes
  • synthesising diverse geographic knowledge in order to form viewpoints about how these issues could be resolved
  • understand and evaluate the need for planning and sustainable development through the management of resources at varying scales.


Part 1: Two options are studied at Standard Level and three options are studied at Higher Level

Paper 1: Geographic Themes

  1. Freshwater – drainage basins
  2. Oceans and coasts
  3. Extreme environments
  4. Geophysical hazards
  5. Leisure, sport tourism
  6. Food and health
  7. Urban environments

Part 2: HL & SL core

Population distribution – changing population

Global climate – vulnerability and resilience

Global resource consumption and security

Part 3: HL Core extension

Power, places and networks

Human development and diversity

Global risks and resilience

Internal Assessment

Fieldwork leading to one written report based on a fieldwork question, information collection, analysis and evaluation.



An individual investigation project:          HL:         20%        SL:          25%


Written examinations:                                   HL:         80%        SL:          75%


An ability to evaluate evidence critically is essential to success in this course. The field-trip is compulsory